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Feb 27, 2017
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Compiled by UNIFEM's Gender and Media Project in Kabul.
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  Ms Bettina [Goislard’s] murderers sentenced to capital punishment   Comment

Anis: Ms Bettina [Goislard’s] murderers sentenced to capital punishment
The [two men] accused of having murdered the French lady were tried in an open court yesterday and sentenced to capital punishment.

The trial was based on the Constitution, the Penal Code, the Criminal Punishment Procedures and the Law on Crimes Against Internal and External Security. The proceedings took place in Kabul Province’s Disputes Court and were attended by local and foreign journalists and the case was studied in a free atmosphere.

After the Prosecutor had presented his case and evidence, the accused were given the right to present their defence in complete freedom. Following debates between the plaintiff and the defendants and the presentation of arguments and evidence by the Prosecutor, capital punishment was announced for Zia Ahmad who in addition to being involved in Ms Bettina’s murder had also taken part in two other explosions – under the 1st and 3rd articles of the Law on Crimes Against Internal and External Security – and for Abdolnabi - under Article 39 of the Penal Code.

The court’s decision is not final and both defendants have asked for the case to be referred to the Appeals Court. 

 Anis: Preparations made for first Afghanistan Human Development Report
The board involved in producing Afghanistan’s first human development report held a news conference at [the Ministry of Information and Culture’s] International Press Centre.

Board member, Dr Nilab Mobarez, said development through people’s own resources was the aim of the programme. She said the aim was to develop choices and freedoms and the report would be based on the true standards of living, not only in Kabul, but at the level of provinces and districts …

The programme, that is supported by the United Nations Development Fund (UNDP), has eleven volunteer boards and is headed by the Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, Hanif Atmar, who has been chosen as the champion of human development. The programme was carried out in Europe, Asia and the Americas in the 1990s and has led to good results in human development. 

 Thabat [Stability] weekly, No 63: A woman’s cry – By [Ms] Najia Azizpour
She has fifteen springs behind her. When I saw her and, in my first question, asked her about her sad life she burst into tears and could on longer speak. Until our last minutes together, she had great difficulty speaking, choking on tears as she remembered how in a few minutes she had lost the kindest and dearest people in her life. The killer’s identity and motive is the great sadness in Samea’s heart.

“Four months ago,” she says, “after the family of a man called Faiz-Mohammad had asked for my hand and my family and myself had agreed, I was married in the [southern] province of Nimruz. I spent one week living a normal life with my husband’s famlily.

“After a week, when I was have having a meal as usual, my mother-in-law prevented me from eating and said I could only eat as much as I worked. I was not even allowed to wear clean clothes. My mother-in-law would threaten and insult me on various pretexts.

“Twice I caught my husband engaged in an illegitimate act with his brother’s wife, Zakia. I advised my husband and Zakia that what they were doing was against Islamic values and they should avoid such acts. Zakia is also my husband’s cousin and everybody in my husband’s family loved her.

“Sometime after their illegitimate relationship, Zakia’s father came to Nimruz from Kabul and took her to his house as a guest. When she came back, because she was angry over the exposure of their illegitimate relationship, she would get into a fight with me with all sorts of pretexts.

“Once during [the fasting month of] Ramazan, she took the serving plates out of their cardboard box and started swearing at me, saying, ‘why haven’t you washed these dishes? All you do is to go to bed with your husband, but you never do anything to tidy up Faiz-Mohammad’s house.’

“Because it was the fasting month, I replied to her obscenities only by saying that I had washed all the dishes and that she should stop using such insulting words. She then said, ‘your father be damned,’ and I replied by saying the same thing to her.

“At this point, she attacked me and started beating me up. I wanted to call my husband who was working as a cook at the nearby military base, but my mother-in-law stopped me. Their entire family locked the door on me.

“I tore open the plastic window pane and saw my brother walking to school. I asked him to tell Faiz-Mohammad to come home. He did and I told him all about the beating up by Zakia and my mother-in-law. My husband said that was all right, because they were older than me.

“The same evening, I asked my husband to take me on a visit to my father’s house. He accepted my request and we headed towards my father’s house together. After dinner, my husband told my mother to vacate one of their rooms for me, so that I could live away from his brother’s wife and his mother, because they had done me a lot of injustice.

“He went over to his own house, but came back after five days and asked me to go back to his house. I asked him to wait until I put my chadari [burqa’] on. He then asked me to wait a minute for him, inside the courtyard, behind the door.

“In the meantime, there was a knock on the door and my husband’s niece, Fakhreddin, said Yaquob wanted to see my father. He had hardly finished his sentence when my husband, who had covered his face with a handkerchief, entered the house with a Kalashnikov in his hands and shot my mother dead. He then fired at me, hitting both my legs and my hand. My hand was [severely hurt and later] amputated and my right leg was broken. My husband also killed my sister and then ran away.

“My father ran after him down the alley. I was inside the house, but our neighbours saw my father leaving the courtyard to run after Faiz-Mohammad and take the gun away from him, but he was fired at by Mohammad-Yaqoub, who was a soldier serving at the same military base with my husband. [My father] was wounded and later died at the hospital. Of the murderers, only Faiz-Mohammad has been arrested, but Fakhreddin and Mohammad-Yaquob have run away.”
“Life,” says Samea, “is a heavy burden on my shoulders.” She suffers every moment by remembering the past and has no hopes for the future. Faiz-Mohammad is due to be taken to Kabul for questioning. 

 Mujahid weekly, Jam’iyat-e-Eslami’s organ, Vol 2, No 32: Moslem mother and nurturing the children – By [Mr] Sayed-Nasser Qodsi
Since our children’s character and their success tomorrow depend on healthy nurturing and wide guidance provided by their mothers today, in this short note we shall deal with the points that Moslem mothers should observe for the sake of their children’s development and their psychological and religious education.

A Moslem mother should accustom her children to self-confidence, accepting responsibility and, in general, the ability to interact properly with the society. This aim will be achieved if children attend various gatherings and functions and are encouraged to speak with people and take part in entertaining and constructive activities that increase their courage.

Children should not be punished
Should a mother feel embarrassed because of her child making a mistake in front of others, she should not threaten the child in their presence. Mothers should know that this will make the children’s gifts and talents vulnerable, because children often learn through practice and trying to correct their mistakes and also through their parents’ loving advice.

Do not compare children with each other
Mothers should appreciate the difference between different children’s talents and abilities and assess each child on the basis of his/her own talents and abilities, not on the basis of the other children’s talents. [Mothers] must also try to develop their children’s unique gifts and talents and ensure that these are of benefit to the children’s character and religious faith …

Studying and love of culture
Moslem mothers must try to accustom their children to go to the library and give them the chance to choose the best books and audio recordings, especially recordings of the Holy Qor’an and other educational tape recordings. This will certainly instil in them the habit of reading, research and promoting culture.

Memorising the Holy Qor’an
The highest and truest love that a mother can have for her children is to do whatever she can to ensure that they memorise all or part of the Holy Qor’an. Any mother who manages to reach this valuable goal will have been the most successful person in terms of supporting her children. What higher support could there be than helping them to learn the Qor’an, the book that protects one against evil, cures one’s psychological and physical illnesses and, in general, prepares the ground for one’s intellectual development and spiritual purity.

General advice:
Moslem mothers!
 Accustom your children to say bismillah [in the name of Allah] before eating. Should some food drop from their hands and fall on the ground, ask them not to leave it for Satan, but to clean it and then eat it.
 Should your child fall to the ground, do not shout. The first thing you need to inculcate in the child’s mind at such a time is bismillah. Teach him to seek God’s help at such times.
 Plant the seeds of modesty in your children, especially your daughters, by encouraging them to cover their privy parts, and present to them the importance of this matter in such a way that they will always be attentive to protecting their privy parts.
 Accustom your children to the love of beauty and well-groomed faces and ensure that their faces and appearance are always beautiful, neat and clean. To this end, mothers themselves must be well kempt and clean, because children model themselves after their mothers.
 Do not speak about the children’s cruelty and bad manners in front of them, because this will encourage them to be more rebellious and give them the impression that you have failed in reforming them.
 Accustom your children to keep a special notebook in which they would write down useful phrases, words of wisdom, enjoyable tales and good poems. Make it possible for them to use newspapers and magazines as well. Whenever they fill one notebook, ask them to read it out to you and then encourage them to keep the good parts and erase what does not make sense. This is the biggest service you could provide for your children in order to develop their intellect and instil in them the habits of reading and writing.

Responsibility and accountability
Dear mothers must have at least one meeting every week with their children. At this meeting, the children should be allowed to state their views freely and calmly. Such meetings enable the mothers, on the one hand, to learn about their children’s character and talents and, on the other, to conduct a review and assessment to see if they have reached the desirable objective in nurturing their children. As a result of these same assessments, they will be able to address the shortcomings and fill any gaps.

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